Active Voice and Passive Voice


Use of Helping Verbs in Active Voice and Passive Voice.

Tense Active Voice Passive voice
Present Indefinite Do/Does Is/am/are
Present Continuous Is/am/are Is being/ am being/are being
Present Perfect Has/have Has been/have been
Present Perfect Continuous Has been/have been No Passive Voice
Past Indefinite Did Was/were
Past Continuous Was/were Was being/were being
Past Perfect Had Had been
Past perfect Continuous Had been No Passive voice
Future Indefinite Will/shall Will be/shall be
Future Continuous Will be/shall be No Passive Voice
Future Perfect Will have/shall have Will have been/shall have been
Future Perfect Continuous Will have been/shall have been No Passive Voice


  • Structure of a sentence in Passive Voice

                Subject + Helping Verb + V3 + Object 

A.V.       I shall have done this work.        

P.V.        This work shall have been done by me.


  • Structure of a sentence in Passive Voice where modals are used

                Subject + Modal + Be +Verb + V3 + Object 

  1. V. He can do this work

P.V.        This work can be done by him.


  • Structure of an imperative sentence in Passive Voice

                Let + Noun + Be + V3

A.V.        Bring a glass of water                    

P.V.        Let a glass of water be brought.


Note : Passive voice of imperative sentences can be made with the use of words you are ordered or you are requested.

You are ordered to bring a glass of water

You are requested to bring a glass of water.


Note :- When an imperative sentence is used for advice SHOULD is used to make the passive voice of such sentences.

Ex.  Obey your teacher.

        Your teacher should be obeyed.

  • Structure of a sentence starting with there

A.V.          There + V + Noun + to + V1

P.V.          There + V + Noun + to be + V3

Ex.  There is a work to do.

        There is a work to be done.


  • Normally BY is used before object in Passive Voice sentences, however, some verbs take at/with/to/in instead of BY before them.
  1. Surprise, astonished, shocked, alarmed, disappointed, displeased, take preposition AT after them.

Ex.    His condition alarmed me.                        

  I was alarmed at his condition

  1. Know and obliged take TO after them.

Ex.    I know him                                                       

  He is known to me.

  1. Please, Satisfied, disgusted, impressed take WITH after them.

Ex.   Your honesty has pleased me.  

 I have been pleased with your honesty

  1. Interested, consisted, contained take IN after them.

Ex.  This job interests me.                                   

  I am interested in this job.


Exercise 1

Change the voice of the following sentences.

  1. He helps me.
  2. He is doing this work.
  3. He has done this work.
  4. He wrote a letter.
  5. He was writing a letter.
  6. He had helped me.
  7. He will do this work.
  8. I shall have done this work.
  9. He can do this work.
  10. There is a work to do
  11. Does he help you?
  12. Did he do this work?
  13. Are you doing this work?
  14. Was she reading a novel?
  15. Has he helped you?
  16. Had he finished the work?
  17. Can he do this work?
  18. Will you teach the children?
  19. Who has done this work?
  20. When did you do this work?

Exercise 2

Change the voice of the following sentences.

  1. Bring a glass of water.
  2. Open the door.
  3. Obey your teacher.
  4. He teaches me.
  5. Character is revealed by manners.
  6. Your Behavior vexes me.
  7. The nature is loved by everyone.
  8. All obey the god.
  9. He cheats every director.
  10. I know you.
  11. Does Saurabh feed the horses everyday?
  12. Everyone respects Gandhi ji.
  13. Deepika is watching us.
  14. He is doing his graduation from JNU.
  15. This picture has been drawn by my cousin.
  16. Somebody has put out the light.
  17. She kept me waiting.
  18. Shobha discussed this matter.
  19. Did Shivaji defeat the Mughal Emperor?
  20. The police arrested the murderer.

Exercise 3

Change the voice of the following sentences.

  1. The king shot the lion.
  2. Did they invite us into their house?
  3. Amit’s mother made a very remarkable discovery.
  4. The police seized the looted things.
  5. Australia defeated the Pakistan and India.
  6. He won the race.
  7. They took it all.
  8. Rakesh was making a kite.
  9. Was he watching T.V?
  10. Macbeth had defeated his enemy.
  11. I will conquer him.
  12. A letter will be written by Sarika.
  13. I shall help you.
  14. We must not leave our country.
  15. Let this work be done.
  16. Put down your signature.
  17. Hunt up the tiger.
  18. Consult the doctor.
  19. Please give me a book.
  20. You ought to respect your elders.

Exercise 4


  1. Everyone is (1) impress by (2) his zeal (3) and enthusiasm. (4) No error (5)
  2. Systematic training is (1) specifically design to (2) meet defined needs to develop (3) skills required to perform well. (4) No error (5)
  3. His dealing with other traders (1) had always suspected (2) though he was (3) spotlessly clean. (4) No error (5)
  4. Tickets were (1) started to sold (2) for the morning show. (3) No error (4)
  5. All the members contributed generously (1) but the targeted amount (2) could not collect. (3) No error (4)
  6. None of the players was (1) eager to participate in the competition (2) as their demands were not meet. (3) No error (4)

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